1. Lange, K., "Handbook of Metal Forming", McGraw-Hill, 1985.

2. ASM Handbook, Ninth Edition, "Forming and Forging", Volume 14,1988.

3. Shiro Kobayashi, Soo-Ik Oh, Taylan Alton "Metal Forming and the Finite Element Method" Oxford University Press, USA, 1989.

4. Serope Kalpakjian and Steven Schmid, "Manufacturing Engineering and Technology", Pearson Education, 2009.

5. Amitabha Ghosh and A. K. Mallik, "Manufacturing Science", Affiliated East-West Press, 2009.

6. R. H. Wagoner and J. L. Chenot, "Metal forming analysis", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001.

7. Taylan Alton, Gracious Ngaile, Gangshu Shen, "Cold and hot forging: fundamentals and applications", Volume 1, ASM International, 2004.

8. FORGE: User Manual, Transvalor Inc., Sophia Antipolis, France.