Variables in Upset Forging Process


EFFECT OF FORGING EQUIPMENT ON FORGING PROCESS

Each type of forging press or machine (mechanical, hydraulic, screw, hammer) has unique stroke characteristics. One important variable that affects the forming process is press ram speed. Some machines have constant ram speeds (hydraulic press) while others have variable ram speeds (mechanical press).

HYDRAULIC PRESS SIMULATION

Material :AlZn5.6Mg2.5Cu1.5
Dimension:Height =100 mm,    Diameter =100mm
Billet Temperature:300C
Die Temperature:250C
% Reduction in height    : 50%
Press:Hydraulic


FORCE DURING UPSETTING PROCESS



Material :CK45
Dimension:Height =100 mm,    Diameter =100mm
Billet Temperature:1050C
Die Temperature:250C
% Reduction in height    : 50%
Press:Hydraulic


FORCE DURING UPSETTING PROCESS



Material :Ti6Alv4
Dimension:Height =100 mm,    Diameter =100mm
Billet Temperature:1200C
Die Temperature:250C
% Reduction in height    : 50%
Press:Hydraulic


FORCE DURING UPSETTING PROCESS



Material :CuZn40Al2
Dimension:Height =100 mm,    Diameter =100mm
Billet Temperature:650C
Die Temperature:250C
% Reduction in height    : 50%
Press:Hydraulic


FORCE DURING UPSETTING PROCESS



MECHANICAL PRESS SIMULATION

Material :AlZn5.6Mg2.5Cu1.5
Dimension:Height =100 mm,    Diameter =100mm
Billet Temperature:300C
Die Temperature:250C
% Reduction in height    : 50%
Press:Mechanical


FORCE DURING UPSETTING PROCESS



Material :CK45
Dimension:Height =100 mm,    Diameter =100mm
Billet Temperature:1050C
Die Temperature:250C
% Reduction in height    : 50%
Press:Mechanical


FORCE DURING UPSETTING PROCESS



Material :Ti6Alv4
Dimension:Height =100 mm,    Diameter =100mm
Billet Temperature:1200C
Die Temperature:250C
% Reduction in height    : 50%
Press:Mechanical


FORCE DURING UPSETTING PROCESS



Material :CuZn40Al2
Dimension:Height =100 mm,    Diameter =100mm
Billet Temperature:650C
Die Temperature:250C
% Reduction in height    : 50%
Press:Mechanical


FORCE DURING UPSETTING PROCESS


HAMMER PRESS SIMULATION

Material :AlZn5.6Mg2.5Cu1.5
Dimension:Height =100 mm,    Diameter =100mm
Billet Temperature:300C
Die Temperature:250C
% Reduction in height    : 50%
Press:Hammer


FORCE DURING UPSETTING PROCESS



Material :CK45
Dimension:Height =100 mm,    Diameter =100mm
Billet Temperature:1050C
Die Temperature:250C
% Reduction in height    : 50%
Press:Hammer


FORCE DURING UPSETTING PROCESS



Material :Ti6Alv4
Dimension:Height =100 mm,    Diameter =100mm
Billet Temperature:1200C
Die Temperature:250C
% Reduction in height    : 50%
Press:Hammer


FORCE DURING UPSETTING PROCESS



Material :CuZn40Al2
Dimension:Height =100 mm,    Diameter =100mm
Billet Temperature:650C
Die Temperature:250C
% Reduction in height    : 50%
Press:Hammer


FORCE DURING UPSETTING PROCESS


Comparision